If you are interested in creating information products, you will very likely deal with editors throughout your career. You might need someone to edit a book, review a special report, or tighten up a magazine article. Even if you are a brilliant writer, it always helps to have somebody else look at the work with fresh eyes. Most of these editors will be people you hire on a copy editing or project basis. To get the most from such a relationship, it helps to be clear about what you want and what you may expect. To start, you need to know what sort of editing you are looking for. There are lots of diverse levels and kinds of editing. Probably the three you may encounter the most are substantive editing, copyediting and proofreading.
Sometimes called developmental editing, substantive editing appears at both the structure and content of a manuscript as a cohesive whole. how to copyright my book may involve reordering large chunks of text, removing text, adding text, and even rewriting. Probably the most used of all of the terms, copyediting is frequently used as a catchall term for all sorts of editing. For errors in grammar, usage, spelling, punctuation and other mechanics of style, internal consistency, cross-referencing, labeling and so forth.
Proofreading is the last review of a fully formatted and typeset manuscript. It is meant only to catch small errors like the odd spelling error or hyphenation snafu which may have been missed in the copyedited, or that appeared during the design process. The above definitions are fairly standard but there are variations. Not every editor defines editing terms in precisely the identical way. It is therefore imperative that you discuss in detail the specific nature of the services your editor provides. You will also need to clearly discuss the fee arrangement. Some editors charge by the page or word, while others charge by the hour. Others charge a flat project fee. 1 way of charging isn’t necessarily better than other. Just be sure you understand what you may get for the money. If you are being billed by the hour, ask the editor to provide an estimate up front of how long the job will take so there are no surprises when the last invoice arrives.